Transgenic and Traditional Farming: Finding a MidWay

To deal with the problem of shortage of food for the ever-rising population, the scientists manipulated the genes of plants, giving birth to the concept of genetically modified (GM) crops and seeds and the transgenic method of farming, which was seen as the saviour to meet the requirements of time. This technological advancement was soon encashed by the eagled-eyed MNCs, well anticipating the amount of profit the GM crops and seeds can earn them. Transgenic farming saw a full-fledged growth since 1982 with the production of antibiotic- resistant tobacco plant.
The issue of rising corpocracy in relation to GM crops has become debatable both at national and international fora. The ‘depicted charisma’ of transgenic farming by the MNCs has made competent authorities turn blind eye of its impact on environment.
This paper analyses the implications that flows from the rise of GM food. Taking a brief look into the history of GMOs in Chapter I, this paper proceeds to give a glimpse of a number of international rules/regulation/codex attempting to regulate the GMOs in the absence of a specific international instrument dedicated to GMOs under Chapter II, whereas Chapter III discusses how the Indian government has tried to tackle with the issue of GMOs by providing rules, further drawing the comparison of how much India has tried to incorporate the international standards with respect to the same. The role of MNCs and effect of GM seeds on farmers is dealt in Chapter IV. Discussing the environmental impacts of transgenic farming under Chapter V, the authors have summed up the paper while quickly looking into the comparison between transgenic and traditional methods of farming under Chapter VI which is Conclusion.

The Naxalite Movement in India

radical, often violent, revolutionary communist groups that were born out of the Sino-soviet in Indian Communist Movement. It was initially started with a rebel by a group of people against the local landlords, as a peasant was bashed by the local landlords over land dispute.. The objective of the rebellion was, “Rightful redistribution of land to the working peasants.” The Naxalite movement is not principally a rural, agrarian problem as the doctrine of the Naxalites argues, but is a problem of the leading edge of the urban intelligentsia. Now naxalisim is one of the biggest security problem faced by India. Naxalisim not only affects the internal security but it also affects the external security. This paper aims to study the Naxalite movement in India and the problems faced by the Naxalites. The object of this research paper is to identify the root causes of the Naxalite movement in India and mode of operation identified to tackle its existence. The government of India had made certain provisions to stop the entry of large number of people and to rehabilitate the affected population but the main problem lies in the implementation of these provisions so in this study we try to focus on the solutions and how these provisions can be conveyed to the isolated mass in a substantiated way. This paper also focuses on the the naxal tactics and strategies and the suitable measures that should be taken by the government to abolish the existence of naxalism in India. It also speaks about the naxal’s as well as government’s point of view. It furthermore emphasizes on the evolution of the naxalism in India for the purpose of understanding the reason of its present domain and to tackle the problem faced by the Naxalites. A few keywords in this paper can be seen as ‘naxalism’, ‘rightful redistribution’, ‘ideology’, ‘revolution’, ‘urban intelligentsia’, ‘India’.

Judicial Reform and Development of Environmental Law

The world health organization (WHO) has observed that over 70 percent of all human ailments are influenced by environment deterioration. The industries are the sources of hazardous emissions and effluents. The use of chemicals insecticides and pesticides in agriculture also leaves dangerous residues. Transport, whether by land or water or air contaminate the environment. Public health infrastructure- sewage, garbage and drainage- has a detrimental impact on the environment. The food we eat, the water we drink, and the house we live in are not free from contaminants, affecting our health and causing a spectrum of ailments.
The judiciary to fulfill its constitutional obligations was and is always prepared to issue ‘appropriate’ orders, directions and writs against those people who cause environmental pollution and ecological imbalance. This is evident from a plethora of cases decided by it starting from the Ratlam municipality case . This paper aims to bring attention to the evolution of Environmental laws through judicial activism and precedents since then through various case laws which raised questions of laws pertaining to the same. When the duty of court has been invoked to uphold the resources of the state as part of their functioning, various interpretation and implementation of environmental laws have come into picture. This paper emphasizes on the Principles and Doctrine propounded by Indian Judiciary. Few of them are Principle of absolute liability evolves in the case of M.C. Mehta v. Union of India , Polluter pays principle in the case of Indian council for enviro-Legal Action v. Union of India , and many more. The method of research is doctrinal in nature as it deals with pre-existing documents and from recent resources including various landmark judgments.

Critical Analysis of Digital Signature Laws in India

The online trading is growing broadly day by day, which makes safety the biggest concern while carrying out trading by electronic means. As many other operations can be done with digital environment and internet, operation that provides identity confirmation should also be added to the digital environment.
When data are transferred, the user should make sure that there are no alterations in the original data while transferring them from sender to receiver. And it has also become necessary to authenticate the users often to ensure safety and to avoid fraud. There are lot of divergent ways of online identification, in which digital signature is considered to be one of the powerful way of authentication. So, the online user use digital signature to authenticate the sender and to maintain the morality of the document sent.
In this paper, a study is carried out to identify the usage of digital signature and the view of people towards it in developed and developing countries and a survey is taken to support the theory.

Brexit and the nature Treaty Negotiations and withdrawal in International Law

The separation of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) famously known as the ‘BEXIT’ is very possibly going to have a significant impact on the environmental situation in the UK mostly because most of the UK governance w.r.t the environment stem from the EU treaties and policies. This research paper aims to study the Impact Brexit can and will possibly have on the Environment and how the UK may potentially deal with the issues related to environment protection the law of which stem from the EU which UK is a member of till Brexit actually happens. In conclusion the researcher finds that leaving the EU will not do away with the need for pooling its’ sovereignty at an international level to ensure that Brexit does not end up having an adverse effect on environment. I.e. UK will have to seek of international assistance in order to maintain the standards of environment protection as is held by it now.

Reviving or Distorting – A Study on the Trend of Renaming Places and Erecting Statues

India is known for its ethnic and cultural diversity since time immemorial. It has been accommodative of people belonging to different religions, cultural backgrounds, and locale. This paper tries to locate how the recent trend undertaken by various state governments across the country’s landscape to rename cities, iconic places and the practice of erecting statues of stalwarts with political mileage has been perceived by people across the country. The paper also tries to find out how these changes have had an impact or consequence on the lives of people residing in a particular place where the change has taken place. On analyzing the responses collected through an online questionnaire the paper concludes that most of the respondents perceive these measures as ineffective in reviving India’s past glory but rather as a potential source of harm to the society.