‘Ghare Baire’ is a captivating political tale set against the backdrop of an era of transition, when the widespread movement popularly known as the ‘Bengal Renaissance’ was at its peak. Satyajit Ray, through this film, adeptly incorporates Rabindranath Tagore's vision of India during the Swadeshi Movement which began as a reaction to the Partition of Bengal. During this period, Bengal witnessed a multitude of occurrences which led to a shift in not only the political landscape but also the mindset of the people. There was a transformation in the role of women, where they finally crossed the boundaries of their homes to actively participate in the Indian National Movement. Several clashes between the Indian tradition and modernity were also perceptible and the question of nationalism versus religious fervour became louder. This article explores these different themes as depicted in the film with close reference to other literature. By examining the thematic depth of "Ghare Baire," this article aims to illuminate the historical significance and enduring relevance of this remarkable film.