The Undertrial Prisoners in India

  • Eshabi Nadim Sayyed and Ansari Humaira Nisar Ahamed
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  • Eshabi Nadim Sayyed

    Student at Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law, Mumbai University, Maharashtra, India

  • Ansari Humaira Nisar Ahamed

    Student at Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law, Mumbai University, Maharashtra, India

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The condition of undertrial prisoner in India is very harsh and difficult. They are often subject to physical, emotional and mental abuse by the other inmates. As per ‘national crime records bureau’ prisoners overcrowding in 2019, was the highest in the past `10 years. As per report given on 13 December 2022 out of “5 lakh 54 thousand prisoner” “4 lakh 27 thousand” of them 77% are ‘undertrial prisoner’. according, to the latest prisoner statistics of India report 2021 most undertrial in India are Dalit, Adivasi and OBC community. According, to the latest available data provided by the ‘national crime records bureau’ about 68% out of 77% undertrial prisoners were either illiterate or school dropout about 20% are Muslim while about 73% were Dalits, Tribal or OBCs. As per report given by national crimes record bureau Data on 31.12.2021 Uttar Pradesh have one of the most undertrial prisoners in India, followed by Bihar, Maharashtra, Delhi so on. Because of slow legal proceedings the ‘fundamental Rights’ of person is violated.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 641 - 656


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