The Onus of the Maimed Nature: Known by Each, Owed by None

  • Manyata and Arisia Mandal
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  • Manyata

    Student at Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur, India

  • Arisia Mandal

    Student at Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur, India

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The article highlights the complexities of defining and implementing environmental liability, focusing on international law and key cases like the Trail Smelter and Chorzow Factory. It discusses state liability, civil liability, and efforts to establish compensation regimes, particularly in hazardous activities like nuclear installations, etc. Despite international treaties like the Paris Agreement, challenges persist due to discrepancies in emissions levels and political influences, affecting effective implementation. The article underscores the need for collaborative efforts and effective participation to address environmental damage and ensure accountability.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 3971 - 3978


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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