Agriculture being approximately 50% contributor to the Indian economy, plays an imperatively significant role in the country's development. In order to preserve the economy and the impact of biotechnology, it is necessary to safeguard the rights of the people behind the upliftment of the figures of the economic statistics. The farmers, the primary contributor to agriculture, play a significant role in protecting and promoting the agricultural economy. Hence their rights need to be covered in concurrence with the present legislation. Intellectual property rights (IPRs) grant farmers certain rights per the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act (PPVFR), 2001. The nature and the rights approach are yet not determined as to what extent these rights are favorable to the farmers. Therefore, the paper's author tends to critically examine the rights available to the farmers under the PPVFR Act. The rights appear immaterial and do not give the privilege to the maker to secure their creation explicitly. The absence of mindfulness in the protected innovation rights is answerable for the demise of the advancements, monetary misfortunes, hazards of encroachment, and the non-improvement of the mechanical time in the country. As of late, India has immensely evolved in protected innovation law and is progressively gaining substantial headway. Therefore, the paper aims to bring the focus of the legislatures for effective implementation of farmers' rights concerning plant variety protection under intellectual property rights, often subjected to exploitation.