This research paper delves into a comprehensive doctrinal examination of the evolution of the modern family within the Indian context. Focused on the legal aspects and frameworks governing family dynamics, this study scrutinizes the transformations in family structures and relationships brought about by changing societal norms, economic shifts, and legal reforms. Through an in-depth analysis of relevant statutes, case law, and legal literature, this paper explores the nuances of legal definitions of family, marriage, adoption, inheritance, and other pertinent areas. By tracing the legislative amendments that have addressed the evolving needs of contemporary families, this research elucidates the Indian legal system's response to these shifts. The study ultimately contributes to the jurisprudential understanding of family law's adaptation to societal change, offering insights into the ways in which legal doctrines have evolved to reflect and regulate the transformed family landscape in India.