The Employee’s Compensation Act, 1923 & Code on Social Security

  • Srishti Virat and Budh Ankur
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  • Srishti Virat

    Student, University School of Law and Legal Studies, GGSIPU, Dwarka, India

  • Budh Ankur

    Student, University School of Law and Legal Studies, GGSIPU, Dwarka, India

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Two critical pieces of regulation that significantly influence the rights and protections of workers in India are the Employee's Compensation Act, of 1923, and the Code on Social Security. Employees who sustain injuries or impairments as a result of and over the span of their occupation are qualified for compensation under the Employee's Compensation Act, of 1923, normally known as the Workmen's Compensation Act, Number of their compensation or the idea of their work, all workers are covered by the Act. Employees who have injuries or impairments that prohibit them from completing their tasks must be compensated by their employers, and this compensation is calculated using the employee's average monthly salary. According to the Act, businesses are required to keep complete records of all accidents and occupational illnesses that happen at their workplaces. The Kind of accidents and occupational illnesses that occur at their workplaces must also be reported by employers on an annual basis to the proper authorities. The Employee's Compensation Act, of 1923 is one of the surviving social security legislations that has been supplanted and consolidated by the Code on Social Security, which was endorsed by the Indian Parliament in the year 2020. All Indian workers, including those in the unorganized sector, are intended to have complete social security coverage as a result of the Code. Employees are qualified for a range of social security benefits under the Code, including maternity benefits, disability benefits, health insurance, and old age pensions. Businesses are committed to paying into a social security reserve, which is used to pay for these benefits, a specific piece of the wages paid to their workers. The Public Social Security Board, the State Social Security Board, and the Employee State Insurance Company are just a couple of the organizations that the Code creates to work and oversee the social security system. These organizations are in charge of monitoring the Code's application and making sure that workers get their due social security payments. Moreover, it should be noted that the Employee's Compensation Act of 1923 and the Code on Social Security are significant pieces of law that provide essential benefits and safeguards to Indian workers. These rules guarantee that workers get just compensation for harms and impairments sustained while doing their jobs and that they have access to full social security coverage for the duration of their working lives.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 785 - 802


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