Laws and Policies Related to Migration and Asylum: A Study in International Perspectives

  • Elizabeth Lalrokimi and Dr. Ramakant Tripathi
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  • Elizabeth Lalrokimi

    Student at Law College Dehradun, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

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Laws and policies governing migration and asylum represent a complex and evolving landscape across nations worldwide. In response to increasing global migration flows driven by factors such as conflict, economic disparity, and climate change, countries have developed diverse legal frameworks to manage the movement of people across borders and provide protection to those seeking asylum. Internationally, the United Nations plays a central role through conventions such as the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol, establishing a universal definition of refugees and outlining the responsibilities of states towards them. These instruments set standards for asylum procedures, non-refoulement principles, and the rights of refugees to work and access education and healthcare. Regional bodies like the European Union have developed their own regulations, such as the Dublin Regulation, which determines the EU member state responsible for examining an asylum application. These frameworks aim to create unified asylum and migration management approaches within their respective regions. However, challenges persist in implementing and enforcing these laws, exacerbated by political tensions, differing national priorities, and public attitudes towards immigration. Issues such as human trafficking, border security, and integration of migrants into host societies further complicate the policy landscape. In conclusion, while international and regional agreements provide a foundation for managing migration and asylum, ongoing dialogue and cooperation among states are crucial to addressing the complexities and ensuring the protection and dignity of migrants and asylum seekers globally.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 3246 - 3262


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