Juvenile Delinquency in India: Analysing the Effectiveness of the Juvenile Justice Act 2015

  • Vivek Choudhury
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  • Vivek Choudhury

    Student at NMIMS KPMSOL, India

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The research paper addresses juvenile delinquency all India between 2017-2021 and the challenges faced in implementing the Juvenile Justice Act 2015. This investigation delves into the legislative framework, guidelines, rehabilitation programs and the history of the act. The act aims to explain the root causes of juvenile delinquency and how controlling them can lead them to more effective control over the juvenile delinquency situation in India as well as factor in how the JJA act of 2015 can work alongside these root causes to target juvenile delinquency. The stagnation of criminal rates or the marginal improvements in the criminal rates prompt an understanding of the root causes of why children come in conflict with the law. To such an extent this paper covers factors like education, family, substance abuse, mental health, domestic violence, to verify and conclude the meshed context within which juvenile delinquency occurs. In light of such analysis an investigation indicates the environment in key institutions like schools or family can either grow or restrict them in their formative years. Such restrictions arise as isolation, high family cohesion etc. Psychologically there exists a disparity between normal adolescents and those that engaged in criminal activities requiring active intervention to narrow this gap. The paper concludes with recommendations for the JJA 2015. This ranges from collaboration with educational institutions to effectively combating stigmatisation of children in conflict with law. By addressing such nuanced issues the paper attempts to holistically solve the problem of juvenile delinquency.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 3025 - 3042

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117642

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