Justice in the Spotlight: The Tug of War between Media and the Judiciary

  • Soumit Nath and Nishtha Sinha
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  • Soumit Nath

    Student at KIIT School of Law, Bhubaneshwar, India

  • Nishtha Sinha

    Student at KIIT School of Law, Bhubaneshwar, India

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This research paper explores the profound impact of media, particularly social media, on the Indian judiciary and public perception of the criminal justice system. It underscores the media's role as the 'fourth pillar' of democracy, highlighting its power to shape public sentiment and influence judicial proceedings. The study examines the historical context of media trials, tracing their origins to the advent of the printing press and extending to modern social media platforms. Through various case studies, it reveals how media coverage can both inform and mislead the public, potentially undermining the fairness of trials and the rights of the accused. The paper delves into the dual nature of media influence, portraying it as both a watchdog that exposes corruption and a source of sensationalism that can prejudice judicial outcomes. It addresses the ethical responsibilities of the media, emphasizing the need for accurate and unbiased reporting to maintain public trust in the legal system. The research also considers the constitutional balance between freedom of speech and the right to a fair trial, suggesting that media regulation may be necessary to prevent undue influence on ongoing legal proceedings. In examining social media's role, the study highlights its ability to mobilize public opinion and its potential to spread misinformation. It stresses the importance of responsible journalism and the ethical implications of media trials. The research concludes that while media scrutiny is crucial for transparency and accountability, it must be conducted with a commitment to ethical standards to protect the integrity of the judicial process and uphold democratic values.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 3521 - 3535

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117834

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