Justice is the rationale behind any judgment. To achieve this result, citizens must raise their voices towards wrongdoing. The initial stage of accessing our judiciary involves various expenses and other proceedings such as lawyer fees, stamp duty, etc. Poor and deprived sections of society may not be able to run behind a case. Hiring a lawyer for a daily wage worker is beyond his dreams. He might not spend money or a day for a judiciary proceeding as he is trying to meet ends for livelihood. The option left for such people is to let go of justice and keep their stomachs filled. That's why our framers consider free legal aid a constitutional right. This concept of free legal aid shatters the distinction between rich and poor. It develops a sense of unity as anyone can now approach the judiciary without hesitation or inhibitions. Our Constitution's preamble pronounces that every citizen must be entitled to social, economic, and political justice. Express legal provisions must rectify any hindrance or barrier to this right. Article 39 A of the Indian Constitution instructs the state to ensure that the legal system provides justice through legal aid to every citizen who faces economic and other disabilities. Therefore, the Legal Service Authorities Act, 1987 defines and gives an in-depth understanding of the purpose of free legal aid.
Any system of law will have loopholes as well as deficiencies in working. These deficiencies may be purposefully created, nor have they occurred while implementing provisions. The benefits of various legal aid schemes are reaped by people who deserve them. Still, at the same time, another section of deserving citizens is rejected when corrupted minds are dominant in society. Our paper aims to analyse whether poor and backward classes of the society identify their right and how beneficial that is for them.