Introducing the CEDAW Convention and Its Optional Protocol

  • Nishtiman Othman Mohammed
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  • Nishtiman Othman Mohammed

    Lecturer at Department of Law, University of Sulaimani- Kurdistan of Iraq, Iraq

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This paper provides an in-depth overview of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and its optional protocol. The CEDAW Convention stands as a significant international treaty dedicated to promoting and safeguarding women's rights on a global scale. It delineates fundamental principles for attaining gender equality and mandates measures to eradicate discrimination against women across various domains of society. Complementing the Convention, the optional protocol establishes a framework enabling individuals or groups to lodge complaints concerning violations of women's rights under CEDAW. This paper examines specific issues addressed by CEDAW, the pivotal role it plays, its importance in the realm of women's rights, obstacles encountered in its implementation, the foundational principles it upholds, the role of the CEDAW Committee, the process of becoming a party to CEDAW, mechanisms for enforcing the Convention, and strategies for effectively implementing its provisions.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 986 - 1024


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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