Child sexual abuse is a grim reality that is all too common in India, with various negative consequences. Child sexual abuse is a worldwide concern as well as a violation of human rights. The goal of this research is to raise public awareness about this atrocity. Child sexual abuse is a widespread issue, with a high number of victims even at the lowest frequency The Government of India has brought in a new law to deal with child sexual abuse, titled "The Protection of Children Against Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012." Child sexual abuse has been officially recognised as a significant problem in India. The legislation makes a variety of crimes illegal, including child rape, harassment, assault, and pornography, among others. This research focuses on the different types of child abuse, child sexual abuse, different forms of child sexual abuse, such as child marriage, online child marriage, and child trafficking, legal provisions in India for child sexual abuse, risk factors for victimization, and the consequences of child sexual abuse. The research also brings attention to the issue of child sexual abuse in India.