The Government of India Act, 1935, is regarded as one of the most important acts in the series of acts passed before the Independence of India, by the British Government. The need for the act was felt after the failure of the Government of India Act, 1919. The Government of India Act, 1935, compiled with the recommendations from the report of the Simon Commission as well as those of the round table conference held in 1933. The Government of India Act, 1935, had introduced drastic changes to the administrative structure of the India including both positive and negative changes. However, it failed to comply with the promises made and therefore could not deliver majority of the promised changes. Certain changes made by the act had a lasting and positive impact while some failed miserably which led to the criticism of the act among the Indians and eventually resulted in the failure of the Government of India Act, 1935.
This article also throws light on how the Government of India Act, 1935, impacted and simultaneously laid the foundation for the Constitution of India , to be drafted and enacted accordingly.