In recent years, the topic of farmer suicide has come to dominate the conversation about rural India. Agriculture has long been practiced in India, and it is often referred to as the "pillar" of the country's economy. Agriculture is the process of harnessing land for the purpose of cultivating various types of crops. Despite the fact that farmers feed the country, their living conditions are far from ideal. India is an agrarian country, with roughly 70% of the population relying on agriculture for a living, either directly or indirectly. India's agriculture industry accounts for more than 15% of the country's GDP and the country's economic development will be feasible only if the farmer's community is given top attention. Farm revenue has dropped dramatically as a result of a loss in exports, a rise in imports, and a corresponding drop in prices, as well as repeated droughts, stagnating output, and productivity. The mass suicides of farmers in the state were a tragic expression of the severity of the situation. Individuals and communities are under pressure to adapt to changes brought on by a shift in socioeconomic circumstances. The policies linked with the economic liberalization process have put a strain on the farmers, resulting in suicides. The unfortunate event should force us to draw critical conclusions for India's rural economy. This article examines the circumstances that led to the agricultural crisis, the growth in indebtedness among farmers, and the varied characteristics of farmer suicides.
”If you tickle the earth with a hoe he laughs with a crop.” – Douglas Jerrold