Embracing Diversity: The Pluralistic Framework of the Indian Constitution

  • Arushi
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  • Arushi

    Student at Law College Dehradun , Uttaranchal University, India

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The Indian Constitution demonstrates a deep commitment to pluralism, reflecting the country's vast diversity in religion, culture, language, and social dynamics. It emerges from a historical context of diverse pre-colonial kingdoms and divisive colonial rule, necessitating a framework to reconcile and celebrate this diversity. Key figures like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar laid the foundation for an inclusive constitution. The Preamble captures India's dedication to a sovereign, socialist, and secular state, emphasizing equality, social justice, and religious neutrality. Landmark judgments such as S.R. Bommai v. Union of India reinforced these principles, ensuring religious pluralism and equality. Fundamental Rights, particularly Articles 14 to 18, and 25 to 30, establish protections against discrimination and uphold cultural and religious freedoms, promoting a pluralistic society. The federal structure, with Articles 245 to 263, grants autonomy to states, allowing them to preserve their unique identities and ensuring decentralized governance. Linguistic diversity is safeguarded through Articles 343 to 351, supporting regional languages and mother-tongue education. The Constitution robustly protects minority rights, including political representation and cultural autonomy, with judicial oversight ensuring these rights are upheld. The judiciary plays a pivotal role in interpreting and enforcing constitutional protections, fostering a society where diversity is celebrated and protected. In conclusion, the Indian Constitution's pluralistic approach ensures that the country's diverse heritage is preserved and valued, promoting a harmonious and inclusive society where all communities thrive in mutual respect and unity.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 4142 - 4149

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117904

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