The Indian Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly in the backdrop of the national struggle for independence. The Indian people had gone through a travail and on the attainment of independence, the country had to face unique problems which had not confronted other federations like America, Australia, Canada, or Switzerland. These problems had to be solved pragmatically and not by confining the country's political structure within the straitjacket of a known or established formula.
The Constituent Assembly, therefore, pursued the policy of pick and choose to see what suited the genius of the nation best. Democracy postulates that there should be periodic elections where the people should be in a position to re-elect their old representatives or change the representatives or elect in their place a new representative. It was also held that democracy can function only when elections are free and fair and the people are free to vote for the candidates of their choice. To strengthen the transparency and credibility of a free and fair election the Electronic Voting Machine is playing a vital role in the election process.