Dowry Death and Dowry System in India: Critically Analysis

  • Sudipa Basu
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  • Sudipa Basu

    LL.M. student at Faculty of Law, SRM University, Delhi-NCR, Sonepat, India

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Dowry, a deep-rooted social issue in India, continues to plague society despite legislative efforts to curb it. This abstract explores the legislative measures aimed at prohibiting dowry in India, tracing the evolution of laws from antiquity to modern times. Beginning with an examination of ancient texts and religious scriptures, the abstract delves into the historical context of dowry and its transformation into a social menace. The study then shifts focus to the legislative response, starting with the Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961, a landmark legislation that criminalized the practice of dowry giving and receiving. Subsequent amendments to the Act are analyzed, including the incorporation of stringent provisions to strengthen enforcement and deterrence. The abstract also scrutinizes related laws such as the Indian Penal Code, which penalizes dowry-related offenses, and the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, which offers additional safeguards to dowry harassment victims. Moreover, the abstract examines landmark judicial decisions that have shaped the interpretation and implementation of dowry laws in India. Furthermore, it critically evaluates the effectiveness of legislative measures in addressing the dowry menace, considering socio-cultural factors, enforcement challenges, and the persistence of dowry-related violence and exploitation. Drawing on empirical data and scholarly analysis, the abstract identifies gaps and shortcomings in existing laws and proposes recommendations for legislative reforms. These include enhanced enforcement mechanisms, public awareness campaigns, and socio-economic initiatives to address the root causes of dowry demand. Overall, this abstract provides a comprehensive overview of legislative measures on dowry prohibition in India, shedding light on the complexities and challenges of combating this entrenched social evil in contemporary Indian society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 3651 - 3736


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