Human trafficking is a multifaceted phenomenon with many interconnected facets that span vast geographical areas. It is impossible to solve all of the issues at the same time. The current literature on human trafficking does not address the issue's complexities. The worst scenario is the indication that now India is becoming a source or a destination area for traffickers. Women and children are being trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation at all levels: local, inter-district, inter-state, and cross-border. Women and children are exploited commercially in a variety of ways, including brothel-based prostitution, sex tourism, the film industry, and pornography in print and electronic media.
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution prohibits all forms of human trafficking. In response to India's ratification of the International Convention on Suppression of Immoral Traffic and Exploitation of Others' Prostitution in 1950, the Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act, 1956 (amended to the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act) was enacted. The researcher in this paper used the doctrinal research process, which entails gathering information from primary and secondary sources such as legislation, case laws, conferences, books, journal articles, and websites. Analytical, descriptive, and evaluative approaches are used in the research.
The aim of this paper is to better understand trafficking trends and patterns, as well as the systemic and functional mechanisms that replicate and reinforce the processes that keep the phenomenon alive. The researcher has further attempted to conduct a comprehensive analysis of India's major legislation, case laws, schemes, services, and initiatives related to human trafficking, as well as their significant analysis. The paper also reviews the literature on human trafficking in India and employs the details gathered from it, as well as official documents from the government's various departments, namely the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and data from the National Human Rights Commission and NGOs working in the region.