Crime and Punishment

  • Shaurya Bhandari
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  • Shaurya Bhandari

    Master’s Student at King's College London, U.K.

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Surveillance plays a pivotal role in modern law enforcement, serving as a critical tool in crime prevention, investigation, and maintaining public safety. This abstract explores the multifaceted aspects of surveillance in law enforcement, highlighting its benefits, challenges, and ethical considerations. Law enforcement agencies leverage a wide array of surveillance techniques, including closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, aerial surveillance, electronic monitoring, and data analytics. These technologies offer unprecedented capabilities to monitor public spaces, identify criminal activities, and gather evidence for prosecution. Surveillance systems provide real-time situational awareness, aiding law enforcement in responding promptly to incidents and mitigating potential threats. The proliferation of digital communications and social media platforms has expanded the scope of surveillance, enabling law enforcement to monitor online activities and gather intelligence for criminal investigations. Technological advancements, such as facial recognition and biometric identification, enhance the effectiveness of surveillance systems by facilitating the rapid identification and tracking of individuals. While surveillance provides invaluable benefits to law enforcement, it also raises concerns regarding privacy, civil liberties, and the potential for abuse. Striking a balance between public safety and individual rights is a significant challenge. Safeguards such as legal frameworks, oversight mechanisms, and strict access controls are necessary to prevent unauthorized use of surveillance data and protect against potential abuses. Ethical considerations also arise in the context of surveillance, as questions of consent, transparency, and the potential for biased targeting emerge. Implementing comprehensive policies and guidelines to ensure responsible and accountable use of surveillance technologies is imperative. This abstract emphasizes the importance of surveillance in modern law enforcement while recognizing the need for robust safeguards and ethical frameworks. By effectively navigating the complexities of surveillance, law enforcement agencies can leverage these tools to enhance public safety, prevent crimes, and ensure a just and secure society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 3, Page 3427 - 3438


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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