The purpose of this article is to conduct a comprehensive comparative analysis of surrogacy laws in India and Japan, exploring their legal frameworks, cultural influences, and implications for stakeholders involved in assisted reproductive technologies. By delving into the unique sociolegal landscapes of these countries, the article aims to uncover the intricacies of surrogacy regulations, ethical considerations, and the evolving nature of surrogacy practices. The scope extends to the examination of relevant case studies, legislative developments, and the impact of cultural norms on policy formation. This comparative study intends to provide a nuanced understanding of how legal structures shape surrogacy practices, addressing controversies, and highlighting areas where legal harmonisation or reform may be necessary. The article aspires to contribute valuable insights to the global discourse on surrogacy, facilitating informed decision-making, ethical practices, and potential advancements in international collaboration on assisted reproductive technologies.