An Assessment of Illegal Mica Mining in Jharkhand

  • Anwesha Das and Aarushi Goel
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  • Anwesha Das

    Student at Delhi School of Economics, India

  • Aarushi Goel

    Ex Student at Delhi College of Arts and Commerce, India

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Mica is a substance that gives a shiny appearance to cosmetics and paints. Koderma and Giridih are two districts in Jharkhand richly endowed with good quality mica deposits. The socio-economic and human development indicators indicate that the region suffers from a classic ‘resource curse’ case. Mica mining is an illegal activity; however, the impoverished people working here have no other means of livelihood. The mining industry is also notoriously known for engaging rampant child labor. Instead of going to school, children who exemplify "innocence" are forced to work in hazardous conditions. The paper highlights the impact of this illegal activity on the communities living in these areas, particularly children. The analysis of labor laws, mica policies and environmental regulations offers greater insight into the problem. The authors have recommended several measures to improve the hazardous situation. The role of various stakeholders in this ecosystem has also been extensively discussed.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 6, Page 1344 - 1371


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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