Amending Citizenship, Amending Alliances: How India’s CAA Impacts Geopolitical Dynamics

  • Aradhya Gupta
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  • Aradhya Gupta

    Student at Department of Law & Legal Studies, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, U. P., India

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The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), passed in India in 2019, has ignited a firestorm of controversy, sparking domestic protests, regional tensions, and international scrutiny. This research paper delves into the multifaceted impact of the CAA, analyzing its potential consequences for India's social fabric, regional security dynamics, and global standing. The Act's discriminatory provisions, which fast-track citizenship for persecuted minorities from neighboring countries excluding Muslims, threaten to exacerbate social tensions and communal divisions within India. Additionally, the CAA has strained relations with Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan, potentially destabilizing regional security and hindering cooperation on counterterrorism efforts. Furthermore, the CAA has tarnished India's image as a responsible and democratic global power, eroding its soft power and complicating its diplomatic endeavors. The paper explores potential mitigation strategies for India to navigate these challenges. Amending the CAA to remove religious exclusions and promoting social harmony through interfaith dialogue and community outreach programs are crucial steps. Additionally, strengthening regional cooperation and engaging constructively with the international community can help rebuild trust and mitigate the negative impacts of the Act. Ultimately, the long-term consequences of the CAA hinge on India's response. By adopting a more inclusive approach, upholding its commitment to democratic values, and promoting social harmony, India can navigate this complex situation and emerge as a stronger and more united nation.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 591 - 610


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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