Agriculture Model and Measurement of Survival Income in Wheat Cultivating Farmers under Different Land-Holding Categories

  • Masood Ahmed
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  • Masood Ahmed

    Social Economist and Consultant, India

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The three main crops in the world are rice, maize and wheat. In 2019, India was behind only China in wheat and rice production, while at the seventh position in maize cultivation (FAO statistics). Fifty-nine per cent of the Indian population is engaged in agriculture and contribute 23% of the GDP, 70% of the rural household depends on agriculture, and 82% of the farmer's population belongs to small and marginal farmers. Despite 275 million tonnes of total food grain production in 2017-18, India is a home of 190 million undernourished population (India at a Glance, 2021). The research focus is to measure the role of Minimum Support Price (MSP) in enhancing the living standards of different categories of agriculture landholders engaged in wheat cultivation, and for analysis purposes, it develops a model relating production cost, the effect of high and low yield on crop income and MSP rate (3 categories at MSP, above 20% of MSP and above 40% of MSP).


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 4, Page 1842 - 1854


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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