A Study on History of Hazardous Waste Management and Current Waste Management Rules

  • R. Sarankumar and Aswini
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  • R. Sarankumar

    Assistant Professor at Bharath Institute of Law, India

  • Aswini

    LL.M. student at Bharath Institute of Law, India

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Abstract

The concept of the community waste or society waste is evolved over the period of time, though the amount of waste generated was comparatively small during this era. It was only because of the tainted environment (in modern term “Polluted Environment”); the concept of neo-Hippocratic medicine concept came into practice which was necessary as an effective measure against major cause of human mortality arise out of accumulation of waste materials and epidemic. This has led to the activities towards city cleanliness started in Europe and US mostly during the period of 1750 to 1850 to prevent any possible epidemic. During the same period agriculture was the main activity being carried out throughout the word and use of certain household waste materials was used as manure in agriculture fields. The environment thereby creating adverse impact on an ecosystem and life. With advancements in industrial revolution an enormous amount of industrial waste is being delivered to the environment thereby creating adverse impact on an ecosystem and life Between the past two generations, the concern related to the harmful effects of the disposal of various industrial wastes on the public health have raised serious debate among and between many professionals from different disciplines within the public health community. From chemical engineering perspective, generation of HW in any industrial process is inevitable and toxicity or hazard associated with this category of waste is the potential for disease or death. Common waste which was predominant earlier includes mostly biodegradable waste having minimum environmental impact. Burning was the only disposal mechanism available. However, in the modern civilization with growth of Industrialization and addition of multidisciplinary aspects to waste, its management becomes an independent subject.

Type

Research Paper

Information

International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 3, Page 2293 - 2302

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117693

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