A Critical Analysis of Food Adulteration in India

  • Mehak Sharma and Superna Vinayak
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  • Mehak Sharma

    Student at Amity University, Noida, India

  • Superna Vinayak

    Professor at Amity University, Noida, India

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Food adulteration laws in India and their socioeconomic implications constitute a critical area of concern given their direct impact on public health and consumer welfare. This abstract offers a concise examination of the regulatory framework governing food adulteration in India, alongside an analysis of its socioeconomic ramifications. The prevalence of food adulteration in India underscores the urgent need for robust legislative measures to safeguard the integrity and safety of the food supply chain. While the Food Safety and Standards Act (FSSA) of 2006 serves as the primary legislation governing food safety, its enforcement mechanisms and efficacy in curbing adulteration remain subject to scrutiny. Several socioeconomic implications arise from the inadequate enforcement of food adulteration laws in India. Firstly, compromised food quality poses significant risks to public health, leading to an increase in foodborne illnesses and related healthcare costs. Vulnerable populations, such as low-income households, are disproportionately affected by adulterated food, exacerbating socioeconomic disparities. Furthermore, the erosion of consumer confidence due to rampant food adulteration undermines trust in the food industry and hampers economic growth. The prevalence of adulterated food products also has detrimental effects on agricultural producers and legitimate food businesses, as they struggle to compete with unscrupulous actors engaging in adulteration practices. Addressing the socioeconomic implications of food adulteration necessitates a multifaceted approach, including stringent enforcement of existing laws, enhanced surveillance and testing mechanisms, public awareness campaigns, and capacity-building initiatives for food inspectors. By prioritizing food safety and strengthening regulatory oversight, India can mitigate the socioeconomic repercussions of food adulteration and ensure the well-being of its citizens. This paper provides a comprehensive examination of the regulatory framework governing food adulteration in India and analyzes its socioeconomic implications. By critically evaluating the efficacy of existing laws and their enforcement, this study aims to shed light on the multifaceted challenges posed by food adulteration and its broader socioeconomic ramifications.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 3955 - 3965

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117485

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