A Comparative Analysis of Indian and Western Political and Philosophical Thoughts with Respect to The Concepts of State of Nature and Self – Consciousness

  • S. Ram Sivanu
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  • S. Ram Sivanu

    Student at VIT School of Law, India

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Philosophy is considered as one of the basic discipline of almost every branch of social sciences. We can see traces of philosophy in politics, history, economics, geography, psychology and even science. Philosophy was considered to be logical only if it fitted with science. Philosophy was considered largely as a product of westerners till the early or late 18th century. But, then it was started to be considered that not only philosophy but every subject had its base even from Asian background which pre – existed western thoughts. It is to be noted that on a parallel path Asian philosophy was much developed even centuries before the dawn of Western philosophy during various Western renaissance period. Some of them are Buddha, Confucius, Lao Tzu, Kanada, Mahavira and many more. Indian Philosophical arena consisted of various ancient such texts including the Vedas, Upanishads, Advaita, Vedanta and many more. The Indian philosophy can be considered as one of the widest in application and it was applied in real life to some extent. In this paper I would like to do a comparative analysis of two concepts from Indian Philosophy. In this notion first I would like to give a comparison between the philosophical aspect of Matsyanyaya and state of nature according to European philosophers with an essence of polity, then comparison between Hegelian views and the Indian Advaita – Vedanta thought in a complete philosophical sense. Through these observations I would like to establish a connection between these theories and analyse them from a perspective of a student and a researcher. Finally, I would like to give my conclusions and my observations.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 409 - 422

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.116116

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