Religion And Law- The Sabarimala Debate

For a considerable length of time women in our society have needed to battle for an equivalent portrayal out in the public spaces. The battle has not exclusively been about portrayal however an ideological fight with the profound established standards and traditions in male centric culture that see women in a position of subordination. Regardless of whether it is the Shah Bano case, a case that negated the act of moment triple talaq and laid the ground for assurance of privileges of muslim ladies, or the passage of ladies inside Haji Ali Dargah in Mumbai, we have seen that the battle has been a progressing one and reformatory in its methodology. The ongoing hearing by the constitution seat of the Supreme Court on July 27, 2018 on the entry of ladies to the Sabarimala Temple in Kerala is another long standing battle against the male centric doctrine of the religious request which does not permit the entry of women into the temple. The Ayyappa temple in Sabarimala district in Kerala has been in the news for its dubious arrangement of restricting entry to women of menstruating age (ten to fifty years). This temple is situated in the Periyar Tiger Reserve in the Western Ghats mountain scopes of Pathanamthitta area of Kerala, which happens to be a standout amongst the most celebrated journey locales for Hindus. The preclusion to temple passage for women can be followed in the legend that the god of the temple Lord Ayyappa was a ‘Naishtika Brahmachari’ (who pursued abstinence), and according to the supporters of the temple boycott, women of menstruating age are viewed as “not unadulterated” to enter the temple as that would bother the chastity of the divinity. In the previous three decades, this issue has drawn opposition and challenges from different areas of society and has offered ascend to a legitimate question. The sequence of the long-standing appeal in the Supreme Court on the boycott of women entering temple can be followed back to 1991.
Keywords: Women, Society, Sabarimala

Article 35A

A large number of political and defense analysis attribute instability in Jammu and Kashmir to India’s inability to fully integrate the state into the union. The challenges towards such integration have historical roots dating to the circumstances under which the state led by Maharaja Hari Singh acceded to India following Pakistan attempt to annex the state through the force. Historically Pakistan has consistently be provided support to terrorist and separatist movement in J&K and has also extended such support to promote terror in other parts of the country, in furtherance of its own interest. The third factor is the imposition of article 370 of Indian constitution and the addition of article 35A through the provisions of article 370. Article 35Aof the Indian constitution is an article that empowers the J&K state legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to those permanent residents. It was put up in the constitution through a presidential order i.e. the constitution {of Jammu and Kashmir] order 1954, issued by the President of India on may 14, 1954 in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of article 370 of the constitution with the concurrence of the government of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The special status granted to state of Jammu and Kashmir is believed to be the prime inhibiting factor in the complete integration of the state with the union

Challenges in Dealing with Child Sexual Abuse

This research focuses to evaluate the gap loopholes in the forensic field in proving cases dealing with child sexual abuse. It emphasises the challenges created by the systematic and cultural issues. From the systematic point of view, it explains the technical difficulties posed by our existing systems. on the other hand, it focuses on the issues posed by the much patriarchal and conservative society of India which makes reporting of these cases very difficult. CSA is more rampant than any of us would like to believe. Studies indicate 34 percent of offenders are family members, 59 percent acquaintances. According to a population based study from 19 countries, only about half of victims had disclosed their abuse to anyone In a review of sexual practices and offences in India, it was reported that during trials, alleged sexual offenders often say they were not aware that they committed an offence. Cultural norms affect the likelihood that CSA will be discovered by an adult or disclosed by a child. Cultural norms also affect whether abused children’s families will report child sexual abuse to authorities. Cultural practices are no longer restricted to one geographical collection of people due to migratory influence, as these practices may also spread to different groups who intermingle. Understanding the concept of CSA continues to be a challenge in many cultures. Thus approaching a psychologist would be extremely difficult for many people and building rapture with the child would be evidently difficult due to the diversification and intensity of the case.

Global Approaches in Taxation and Regulation of Cryptocurrencies

In recent years, the use of virtual economies has skyrocketed. There are an estimated 16.7 million bitcoins in use today, valued at up to $17,000 per bitcoin in 2017. Because these bitcoins can, in some circumstances, be used to purchase goods or services with a monetary value or where they can be converted to legal tender, the proper income tax treatment of bitcoin transactions presents both compliance and substantive questions for regulatory bodies across the world. To date, there remains little legal or academic guidance on the use of bitcoins, or the taxation of bitcoin transactions. This research paper explores the current state of the law as it relates to bitcoins in the various economies of the world.
The virtual universe and electronic commerce will only grow—and where income exists, taxation should follow.Various countries have laid down guidelines and many other are in the process of initiating taxation of cryptocurrencies, India being one among them. Keeping in mind the unfavourable regulatory regime and uncertain tax treatment of cryptocurrencies in India, initiatives that hurt genuine customers and incentivize shifting business outside India would also affect the government in the longer run, as it would be a huge revenue loss to the tax department if trades simply move abroad.
With any new technology, the risk of abuse is always existent. However, keeping in mind the tremendous technology of block chain in the longer run, which can form the backbone of a secure digital infrastructure, it is worth endeavouring to find appropriate means of regulating this ecosystem, rather than out rightly banning it.

The Political Issues and Financial Aspects of Brexit

The result of the British submission on the European Union (EU) membership sent shockwaves through Europe. While Britain is an anomaly when it comes to the quality of Euro scepticism, the counter migration and against establishment sentiments that created the choice result are picking up strength across Europe. Breaking down battle and study information, this paper demonstrates that the partition among champs and washouts of globalization was a key driver of the vote. Favouring British EU exit, or ‘Brexit’, was especially regular among less-taught, more unfortunate and more seasoned voters, and the individuals who communicated concerns about movement and multi-culturalism. While there is no proof of a short-term infection impact with comparable enrolment submissions in other countries, the Brexit vote, in any case, represents a genuine test to the political foundation crosswise over Europe.

Polygamy in Muslim Law: An Overview

The practice of having more than one female spouse at a time is known as Polygamy. This practice has an intense history and also created a great impact among the statutory laws in India. Polygamy is an offence in India. However, Muslims in India are allowed to practice polygamy, thus bringing in a conflict among other groups. The authors herein, will reflect upon the history of polygamy in Muslim law as well as in ancient India. Subsequently, we would be discussing the constitutional validity of Polygamy in Muslim Law with respect to the Indian Constitution. In the course of discussing the constitutional validity, the authors will be deliberating on the issues regarding the fundamental rights.