Unravelling the Criminology behind Ordinary Acts Amounting to Ecocide 

Vaneet Kaur Sokhi
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala, India

Volume III, Issue III, 2020

Environmental philosophy studies, analyses and to some extent justifies the human actions/interventions into the non-human world (Environment). It examines the relationship between the Mankind and environment. Green criminology is at a very nascent stage. It is radical and contemporary to the transgressive criminology. It is the study, which is interested the cause and impact of the harm caused to the environment, even though when such harm caused is legitimate. It is not the study based on one theory, its scope is ever evolving and takes into account the progressing harmful, dangerous actions. Plundering and exploiting the natural deposits of the Earth, for the well-being and benefits of the powerful strata or for the greed of mankind has only freshly been taken as crime (Green Crime).

The present paper focuses shall on to all such kinds of harmful behaviours, which has capacity to cause difficulty for the survival of the life on this planet. These harmful acts committed by mankind in daily lives is termed as Ordinary acts which reduces the potential to assist the viability of life on this planet. Moreover, such ordinary acts have numerous features and characteristics like: they are openly performed, they are not forbidden by law, they are acceptable, acts performed in routine by an individual, which collectively have a fundamental, considerable influence on the environment. These behaviours shall be discussed from the perspective of the acceptable socio-psychological theories of criminology like: strain theory, social learning theory and opportunity theory while unravelling the criminality.

Keywords: Ecocide, Green Crimes, Green Criminology, Opportunity Theory, Retail therapy, Strain Theory, Social Control Theory.


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