Transgenic and Traditional Farming: Finding a MidWay

To deal with the problem of shortage of food for the ever-rising population, the scientists manipulated the genes of plants, giving birth to the concept of genetically modified (GM) crops and seeds and the transgenic method of farming, which was seen as the saviour to meet the requirements of time. This technological advancement was soon encashed by the eagled-eyed MNCs, well anticipating the amount of profit the GM crops and seeds can earn them. Transgenic farming saw a full-fledged growth since 1982 with the production of antibiotic- resistant tobacco plant.
The issue of rising corpocracy in relation to GM crops has become debatable both at national and international fora. The ‘depicted charisma’ of transgenic farming by the MNCs has made competent authorities turn blind eye of its impact on environment.
This paper analyses the implications that flows from the rise of GM food. Taking a brief look into the history of GMOs in Chapter I, this paper proceeds to give a glimpse of a number of international rules/regulation/codex attempting to regulate the GMOs in the absence of a specific international instrument dedicated to GMOs under Chapter II, whereas Chapter III discusses how the Indian government has tried to tackle with the issue of GMOs by providing rules, further drawing the comparison of how much India has tried to incorporate the international standards with respect to the same. The role of MNCs and effect of GM seeds on farmers is dealt in Chapter IV. Discussing the environmental impacts of transgenic farming under Chapter V, the authors have summed up the paper while quickly looking into the comparison between transgenic and traditional methods of farming under Chapter VI which is Conclusion.

A Critical Study on the Human Right to Healthy and Wholesome Environment Constitutional & Human Prospective

“Man has the fundamental right to freedom, equality and adequate conditions of life, in an environment that permits a life of dignity and well-being, and he bears a solemn responsibility to protect and improve the environment for present and future generations.”
Human beings are rational animals and hence every human being by the very virtue of his birth is entitled to certain basic, inalienable rights which are also known as ‘Human Rights’. They not only ensure to establish ones identity as a human being but also make sure that humans are treated in a right and dignified way by every element in their surroundings. Nature is no exception to this rule and so right to a clean, healthy environment holds a special place to be one of the rudimentary rights of human beings. Our Indian constitution not only takes pride in being a extensive document but also as the one having specific provisions with regard to environment and its protection. But in all these attempts to exercise his rights, man is not on the same page with nature.
With the advantages of development and new innovations also come the disadvantages. But whether we are really using our intellect and conscience to keep the balance between nature and development is an aspect which needs introspection. This paper attempts to highlight the level of environmental degradation caused due to human interventions and to ameliorate human mindset through judicial decisions and doctrines for the sake of present and future generations.
This paper tries to analyze the various rights available to humans in a plethora of documents and legislations with respect to natural environment and its use, misuse and violations by the right holders.