Reforms in Police Investigation and Prosecution

Divyanshi Pathak
Advocate at Delhi High Court and Sessions Court
Delhi, India

Volume II – Issue V, 2019

The Criminal Justice System in India is based on age-old institutions such as archaic and colonial police laws passed in 1861. Though in the present context, we have seen inordinate delays, corruption, oppression and political influence has been a major hindrance and it influenced both police system and society at large. In the present paper, the author investigated about the reforms in police investigation and what are the steps need to be taken currently to make it more effective. In the era of high-definition technology, the strategy of both crime and investigation has been changed dramatically. To improve the police system, there are numerous committees and commissions were constituted in the past but still we are lacking in implementation with increasing crime rate. Here, the question arises, that do we need better police system, robust investigation teams flooded with technology and with all kinds of experts or we need a transparency first, at the grass root level. This paper highlights the prosecution aspects as in the case of Jaipal Singh Naresh v. State of Uttar Pradesh, it was decided by Allahabad High Court that the intention of the parliament to keep separate prosecution from police is to investigate the offence and indentify the guilt. The paper also analyse the modernization of police system and need to establish a tracking mechanism for expeditious results in criminal cases to render justice. As said by William E. Gladstone that “Justice delayed, Justice denied”.


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