Qualification Needs To Become a Minister: A Comparative Study to Find out the Missing Link

 Kaustav Ghosh
LL.M., (Constitutional and administrative law)
Acharya Nagarjun University, Andhra Pradesh, India

Volume-1, Issue-2, 2018

Oxford dictionary defines Minister as head of the Government department. Merriam Webster says Minister is a high officer of state entrusted with the management of a division of governmental activities. Wikipedia’s view is- “A minister is a politician who holds public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the “prime minister”, “premier”, “chief minister”, “Chancellor”, “President” or other title.”

“A person appointed by or under the authority of a sovereign or head of a government to some high office of state, especially to that of head of an administrative department. The term minister comes from Middle English, deriving from the Old French word ministre, originally minister in Latin, meaning “servant, attendant”, which itself was derived from the word ‘minus’ meaning ‘less’ ”. Constitution of India did not define Minister but in Article 74(1) of our constitution says:-“There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice”. Section 9 of Government of India Act,1935 is the synonymous provision to Article 74(1) of our Constitution. I traced to the history to elaborate more what may be or have the missing link since incorporation of Constitution of India. Though Minister was there in ancient India; Chanakya was the Prime Minister of Chandragupta Maurya. Minister had to play a significant role for the development of the kingdom. Britishers captured two third of the world and implemented common law system in their colony. This research tries to analyse qualification of Minister- does it has any significance to build a great nation?

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