Upholding Indian Refugee Child Rights in the Contemporary World: Challenges, Progress, and Strategies for Advocacy

  • Moumala Bhattacharjee,
  • Somdatta Mukherjee and Priyanka Karmakar
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  • Moumala Bhattacharjee

    Assistant Professor at Department of Juridical Sciences, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

  • Somdatta Mukherjee

    Assistant Professor at Department of Juridical Sciences, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

  • Priyanka Karmakar

    Student at Department of Juridical Sciences, JIS University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

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Refugee children in India face myriad challenges stemming from displacement, including limited access to education, healthcare, protection from exploitation, and participation in decision-making processes. Despite international human rights frameworks and India's constitutional commitments, refugee children continue to confront barriers to realizing their rights. This comprehensive article explores the current state of Indian refugee child rights in the contemporary world, analyzing challenges, progress, and strategies for advocacy. It examines legal frameworks, policy interventions, and grassroots initiatives aimed at protecting and empowering refugee children, while also identifying gaps and areas for improvement. By shedding light on the plight of Indian refugee children and advocating for their rights, this article seeks to foster greater awareness, solidarity, and action to ensure their well-being and dignity. Drawing on international legal instruments, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and domestic legislation such as the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, this article underscores the importance of recognizing refugee children as rights-holders entitled to protection, assistance, and participation. It calls for a rights-based approach that prioritizes the best interests of the child and ensures their access to essential services, including education, healthcare, and psychosocial support. Furthermore, the article highlights the need for concerted efforts by the Indian government, civil society organizations, and the international communities to strengthen legal protections, enhance collaboration, and invest in research and data collection to address the unique needs and challenges faced by refugee children. By upholding the rights of refugee children, India can demonstrate its commitment to humanitarian principles, promote social cohesion, and contribute to the well-being and dignity of all children, regardless of their status or background.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 901 - 919

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.117041

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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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