Understanding Global Depositary Receipt (GDR) and American Depositary Receipt (ADR)

  • Blessymol M.C.,
  • Parvathy B.S. and Arsha Fathima Nazar
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  • Blessymol M.C.

    LL.M. student at CSI College For Legal Studies, Kottayam, India

  • Parvathy B.S.

    LL.M. student at CSI College For Legal Studies, Kottayam, India

  • Arsha Fathima Nazar

    LL.M. student at CSI College For Legal Studies, Kottayam, India

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An autonomous third party, such a bank, that serves as both a fiduciary and a safekeeping facility is known as a depositary. For example, stock-related services for a depositary receipt scheme can be supplied by a depositary bank. A tradable financial security is a worldwide depositary receipt. It is a certificate that trades on two or more international stock markets, representing shares in a foreign corporation. GDRs are generally traded on American stock markets, Eurozone stock exchanges, and Asian stock exchanges. The local currency of the exchanges where GDRs are traded is used to determine the price of GDRs and their dividends. It is a simple method for investors in the United States and other countries to purchase overseas equities. A corporation that uses global depositary receipts can list its shares outside of its home nation in many countries. A Chinese business may, for instance, design a GDR scheme that would allow it to issue shares into the London and American markets via a depositary bank middleman. Every issue must abide by all applicable laws in both the place of origin and any outside markets. Conversely, an American depositary receipt, which solely listings on U.S. stock markets, symbolises shares of a worldwide corporation. A U.S. bank will buy shares on a foreign market in order to provide ADRs. The underlying shares will be held by the depositary bank, which will also issue an ADR for domestic trade. Only American exchanges list American depositary receipts, which are shares of a foreign business. A GDR is listed on several foreign stock markets and represents shares in a foreign corporation.




International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 3029 - 3037

DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.116462

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