This research paper examines the relationship between the Outer Space Treaty and the imminent threat posed by space debris to future space travel. The Outer Space Treaty, a foundational legal framework governing space activities, was established in an era when space debris was not a prominent concern. However, with the growing accumulation of space debris in Earth’s orbit, it is crucial to evaluate the treaty’s provisions and effectiveness in addressing this modern challenge. This study delves into the provisions of the Outer Space Treaty, analysis their impact on space debris mitigation efforts, and explores potential gaps or limitations in the treaty’s ability to safeguard future space travel. By understanding the interplay between the treaty and space debris, this research aims to shed light on the dangers faced by space exploration and provide insights into possible policy enhancements.