Transformative Constitutionalism: Comparative Study of United States, India and South Africa

  • Puneet Sharma and Tarun Tyagi
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  • Puneet Sharma

    Assistant Professor at Delhi Metropolitan Education College, Noida, India

  • Tarun Tyagi

    Student at Delhi Metropolitan Education College, Noida, India

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The concept of transformative constitutionalism, which aims to promote principles of equality and dignity through enforcing rights that lead to social change, has become increasingly popular in the legal and political discourse of many countries. This article provides an analysis of how this approach is implemented in three different nations: the United States, India, and South Africa. However, each country faces unique challenges associated with their approach towards transformative constitutionalism, shaped by factors such as historical contexts, politics, and the law-making bodies at both the federal and state levels, and not just the courts. The paper examines these aspects along with judicial interpretations related to promoting transformational values within each jurisdiction. Through critical examination, including the review of relevant cases under close scrutiny, similarities and differences in the implementation efforts are noted over time spent studying them comparatively side-by-side, considering various provisions that are considered part-and-parcel thereof, including successes and limitations. Ultimately, it is important for scholars to actively collaborate in ongoing dialogue to keep idealistic goals alive despite setbacks faced while implementing policies that aim to deliver socio-economic justice.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 2, Page 3131 - 3160


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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