The Uniform Civil Code (UCC), also known as "One Nation-One Law," is a complex and contentious matter in India, situated at the crossroads of law, culture and society. It is enshrined in Article 44 of the Indian Constitution as part of the Directive Principles of State Policy. India, known for its rich cultural diversity and religious pluralism, currently operates under a complex web of personal laws governing various aspects of life, such as marriage, divorce, inheritance and succession, based on an individual's religious affiliation. The UCC proposes a unified set of laws that would apply uniformly to all citizens, regardless of their religious background. Its significance lies in its potential to foster equality and social justice, aligning with India's secular and constitutional principles. This article seeks to comprehensively explore the UCC within the Indian context. It delves into its historical origins, examines arguments both in favour and against its implementation, analyses the legal and Constitutional dimensions, and discusses the challenges and prospects associated with putting it into practice. Recent developments and ongoing debates surrounding the UCC are also addressed, offering a balanced view of this multifaceted issue.