The government's position as a creditor in Indian bankruptcy proceedings has undergone substantial changes under the bankruptcy and Bankruptcy Code, 2016. The State Tax Officer v. Rainbow Papers Ltd., 2022 case established a significant legal precedent by granting the government the same level of priority as secured creditors, therefore treating its statutory dues as equivalent to other secured obligations. Nevertheless, this position encountered obstacles because of its potential influence on investment and legal disputes with the IBC's waterfall structure. The Paschimanchal Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. judgement in 2023 provided more clarification on the government's position in insolvency proceedings. It established that the government should be treated equally to operational creditors, establishing a fair and balanced approach.