The PIT-NDPS Act, 1988: Examining the Less-Explored Legislation

  • Mr. Sanjay Dewan and Mr. Tanuj Dewan
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  • Mr. Sanjay Dewan

    Advocate, Arbitrator and Mediator at Delhi High Court, India

  • Mr. Tanuj Dewan

    Advocate and Judicial Law Researcher at Delhi High Court, India

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The Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1988 addresses the pressing issue of escalating drug trafficking and abuse in certain regions of India. While the Act stands as a crucial legal provision in combating this menace, its utilization has been notably inadequate. This article explores the genesis of the Act, rooted in the surge of illicit drug transit traffic and the inadequacies of existing penal provisions. Central to its provisions is the authority to issue detention orders against individuals involved in such activities, with stringent safeguards to protect individual liberties. Examining the scheme of the Act reveals its comprehensive coverage of illicit trafficking activities and the power vested in detaining authorities to issue orders. Key provisions outline the process of issuing detention orders, including the establishment of Advisory Boards to review cases and the detenu's right to make representations against orders. The Act emphasizes the subjective satisfaction of the detaining authority, necessitating a clear apprehension of the individual's involvement in illicit activities. While preventive detention serves as a vital tool in disrupting illegal drug networks and safeguarding public health and security, its effectiveness hinges on adherence to certain legal safeguards. The article highlights the necessity for authorities to exercise discretion judiciously and uphold constitutional principles in the implementation of the PIT-NDPS Act.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 3407 - 3418


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