Both before and after independence, India has had around 200 laws addressing environmental protection. The laws in force prior to independence, however, did not simply address environmental protection. Public health, safety, and convenience related offences are covered in Chapter XIV of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which also covers water, air, and noise pollution. Post-independence legislation, however, only focuses on environmental preservation. There are many different topics covered by environmental law. They are all united by the need to protect nature and the environment. The public becomes aware of and concerned with environmental legislation through pollution, which is the earliest and most evident way. Resource sustainability laws are necessary. This is defined as the capability or desire to sustain a resource at a specific level and is based on three scientific principles, including a higher reliance on renewable energy sources, biodiversity, and the biochemical cycle. In most cases, usage restrictions or replacement standards were imposed. The general philosophies and ideas, including responsibility across international borders, equity and equality, polluter pays, the precautionary principle, prevention, and sustainable development, are put into practise for a number of different reasons. Some are intended to promote the general public's welfare, safety, and health. Others are implemented in order to protect against additional sorts of harm. so that the same levels of health and prosperity that the rest of us have enjoyed for generations will be available to future generations.