The Evolution of International Financial Services Centers in India: The Role of IFSCA

  • Sarim Fazli
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  • Sarim Fazli

    Student at Amity Law School, Noida, India

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The Government of India has established the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) initiative through Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to facilitate India's growth in international financial services. The IFSC at GIFT City in Gujarat, operational since 2015, reached a major milestone with the establishment of the International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) in 2019 through an Act of Parliament. The IFSCA has emerged as a unified regulator overseeing the development and regulation of banking, capital markets, insurance and other financial sectors in IFSCs. This paper examines the rationale for setting up IFSCs globally and in India, analyzing it from the perspectives of host jurisdictions, businesses operating in the IFSCs, and customers utilizing their services. It delves into the legislative framework instituted by the IFSCA Act 2019 which has strengthened the regulatory landscape, catalyzed the establishment of financial institutions, and spurred innovation within IFSCs. While acknowledging IFSCA's accomplishments in regulatory oversight, enforcement, and global coordination, the paper highlights key challenges that need to be addressed through infrastructural upgrades, talent development, and cross-border regulatory harmonization. Recommendations are provided for enhancing operational efficiencies, legal/compliance frameworks, and international regulatory coordination to fully unlock the potential of Indian IFSCs as leading global financial hubs.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 2, Page 1481 - 1489


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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