This paper provides an overview of higher education and human resource development in India. The aim of this research is to analyze how India is focusing on quality education to enhance its human resource. To achieve this there is need for continuous skill development. The constitution guarantees the right to education under article 21 A to its citizens. It places India’s national educational policy and achievements in old education policy particularly against those people with which it is now increasingly compared especially weaker section of society. Second, the paper examines funding of education by the Centre and States which impacts the quality of delivery and ultimately reflects on the literacy rates, learning achievement levels, resources, and teacher inputs. Third, the paper investigates the objectives of National Education Policy 2020 to achieve global standards in education. Last, the paper discusses some major public education initiatives. The concluding section suggests a future agenda and appeals for rigorous evaluation of the impacts and costs of the numerous existing educational interventions, in order to learn about their relative cost-effectiveness for evidence-based policy-making.