Steps taken to Combat Water Scarcity in India

  • D. Santoshi Kumari
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  • D. Santoshi Kumari

    Ph.D. Research Scholar at University College of Law, Osmania University, India

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India is experiencing water scarcity as it becomes the most populous nation and struggles to meet the needs of millions of people living in cities and villages. India has only around 4% of the world’s share of freshwater resources, even though it accommodates a huge population of more than 1.39 billion individuals. Freshwater resources are distributed inequitably, and numerous rivers and water ponds dry up in the summer. Climate change has caused the monsoons to be delayed, which has caused the reservoirs to dry up in some areas of the country, making the situation much worse. Other elements contributing to the severe water shortage are inefficient infrastructure, uncontrollable water pollution, and unequipped systems. The severe water unavailability to meet basic human needs has pressured the government and non-government organisations to tackle this problem seriously. To address this issue, the Government of India created a new ministry for water Jal Shakti Ministry to address all water-related problems; several schemes and programs have been started. The government has also encouraged people to adopt several techniques like efficient irrigation, water conservation and rainwater harvesting. The World Bank is taking on various engagements connected to various aspects of water resource management, drinking water facilities, and sanitation services. In addition to discussing virtual water trade, this research study will cover the various areas where the World Bank assists state governments in addressing the country's water shortage.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 1468 - 1475


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