The South China Sea dispute involves overlapping of territorial claims and maritime conflicts among nations like China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Taiwan. Central to this intricate issue is the interpretation and application of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), an international treaty governing the rights and responsibilities of States concerning global ocean use UNCLOS regulating maritime jurisdictions, defining territorial waters, exclusive economic zones (EEZs), and continental shelf. Beyond regional stability, the South China Sea dispute carries global implications due to its impact on trade routes, valuable resources, and strategic alliances. The interplay between the South China Sea dispute and UNCLOS underscores the tension between territorial claims and international legal principles. A nuanced understanding of these complexities is essential for maintaining stability, upholding legal norms, and facilitating peaceful resolutions within the intricate landscape of maritime geopolitics.
This article discussed in brief the different concepts under the UNCLOS 1982, and the violation of the provisions of the convention by the China and other states in South China Sea for their own interest in the sea.