Social Legal Dimensions of Third Gender

  • Madhuresh Chaudhary
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  • Madhuresh Chaudhary

    Student at Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, India

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In the year 2014, after The Supreme Court gave recognition to the third gender, after which an official count was conducted in which there more than 4.9 Lakh of third genders in India. The Social Activists estimates the count to be 6 or 7 time more. So, in India there is a huge population of Transgenders which face a lot of problems in walking step-by-step with the society. They face a lot of Social Exclusions and are not considered as a cursed element of society. In India the transgenders are commonly recognized by the term ‘Hijras’ and are the most neglected community. They are a marginalized community and they face discrimination due to difference in their gender orientation from the societal norms of genders that makes them one of the most defamed and disempowered group of our society. They face abuse, rejection, demoralization on daily basis. Though they are the citizens of India, still they are denied the basic human rights. They have a very ancient recognition in our civilization yet they fight every day for their acceptance in our community. The people in this community are generally rejected by their families and other social organizations and various other forms of social exclusions. They don’t have any other source of living and are most commonly forced to into ritual begging as they are denied proper education, employment and health care facilities and opportunities. In this paper, the author analyses the condition of the Transgender community, the main reference to Transgender Concept, who are Actually Considered as Hijras and their Historical Background and the various Social Exclusion that Transgenders Face as well as other problems face by them in the society on day-to-day basis. The study aims to focus on the socio living status of Third Genders and the health and socio-economic harassment they face. The author further puts light on the new Act introduced in 2019 that provides for reform upliftment of this group of society and also provides with some reforms in the existing structure of the society so that this community of people can be secured their basic Human Rights and cam walk together with the society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 3, Page 1838 - 1851


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