With the restructuring of the Indian economy over the last three decades, there has been a significant advancement in women's education in today's era, yet women still have a lower employment rate than men. Despite the fact that some theories claim that women gain more skills than males, women nonetheless have a lower employment rate. There are a variety of causes for women's lower employment rates, the most common of which being workplace sexual harassment. In today's world, sexual harassment of women is a hot topic and a source of concern. Sexual harassment is a violation of women's essential fundamental rights, including their right to equality under Articles 14 and 15 of the Indian Constitution, and their right to life and dignity under Article 21. This research paper examines concerns of sexual harassment against women in India, as well as Indian laws enacted to protect women's rights. This study aims to identify the factors that contribute to a rise in sexual harassment incidents on their own. The male-dominated organisational structure is one of the most prominent factors. From the 1970s to the present, sexual harassment has been on the rise, with 29.20 percent of cases reported in 2015, violating women's basic rights at work. The information for this study came from both primary and secondary sources, and it was analysed utilising a specific research approach and instrument. Finally, the current study suggests that the time has come to take a closer look at the problem and devise preventive measures to properly assess the situation.