India is a country with a diverse population, culture, and geography. Despite recent improvements in the healthcare system, there is still a significant gap in the quality of healthcare between urban and rural areas. The rural healthcare system in India faces several challenges that hinder its ability to provide effective and timely healthcare services to the rural population. These challenges include inadequate healthcare facilities, a shortage of healthcare professionals, and poor healthcare infrastructure. The lack of basic amenities such as clean water, electricity, and sanitation, as well as the limited transportation infrastructure, makes it difficult for patients to access healthcare facilities located far away from their homes. The government has taken significant steps to improve the rural healthcare system. One of the most significant initiatives taken by the government is the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), launched in 2005, which aims to provide accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare to the rural population. Moreover, different judicial pronouncements have declared Right to Health as a fundamental right.
A three-tiered scheme has been created for the health care facilities in rural regions that include- Sub-Centres(SCs), Primary Health Centres(PHCs) and Community Health Centres(CHCs) which work at different levels to facilitate good health to the rural population.
To address the challenges faced by rural healthcare in India, a comprehensive approach is needed that addresses the root causes of the challenges. This approach must include improving healthcare infrastructure, increasing access to healthcare services, improving sanitation and hygiene, increasing the availability of essential medicines, raising health awareness, and increasing funding for rural healthcare. This research paper deals with all of the above mentioned aspects and reaches to a rational conclusion.