Role of Corporate Governance in Corporate Debt Restructuring in India: A Legal Study

  • Priyanshu Kaurav
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  • Priyanshu Kaurav

    Advocate at High Court of Madhya Pradesh, India

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In the dynamic landscape of business, companies constantly navigate a tightrope between growth and survival. Unpredictable market forces and fierce competition pose persistent threats, potentially pushing even viable businesses towards the brink of failure. When companies falter, two contrasting outcomes emerge: either they succumb to creative destruction, swallowed whole by their more agile competitors, or they embark on a path of corporate restructuring, seeking to revive their fortunes and reclaim their market share. This study delves into the crucial intersection of corporate governance and debt restructuring in India. In this context, effective corporate governance becomes a powerful lifeline, acting as the bedrock upon which successful restructuring efforts are built. It's the set of principles and practices that governs a company's decision-making, ensuring transparency, accountability, and a balance between the interests of diverse stakeholders – shareholders, creditors, employees, and the larger society. When corporate governance falters, financial distress often follows. Lenders lose confidence, investors hesitate, and the very viability of the company hangs in the balance. Therefore, this study proposes that shifting the focus beyond mere loan repayment towards scrutinizing the beneficiaries and objectives of corporate debt can become a critical first step in fostering a robust restructuring environment. Through this lens, we can analyze how strengthened corporate governance mechanisms, coupled with strategic debt restructuring practices, can empower struggling companies in India to avoid the perilous grip of financial collapse and emerge stronger, more competitive, and resilient.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 7, Issue 1, Page 943 - 968


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits remixing, adapting, and building upon the work for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.


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