Reflections on Art. 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in the Context of International Obligations of States

  • Błażej Kmieciak
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  • Błażej Kmieciak

    Associate Professor at Department of Medical Law, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

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"Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms contained in this Declaration would be fully realized. "The passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights quoted here has a unique meaning today. In art. 28 of the Declaration, we see a reference to the future, showing the special role of human rights. This is a role related to people's dreams, desires and hopes. The universal nature of human rights has made them universal. This is not only about the theoretical approach pointing to the universal nature of human rights. Rather, it is about the internalization of human rights. Human rights have become an integral element that people are convinced of. People in different parts of the world know they have rights. The emergence of rights is directly related to the existence of obligations. In recent years, we have seen the emergence of new international obligations assigned to individual countries. Does the existence of these obligations strengthen the right idea of human rights? Is the performance of international obligations able to contribute to the implementation of the idea contained in Art. 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 4, Issue 3, Page 1520 - 1526


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