Promoting Gender Equality: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Hindu Succession Act, 1956

  • Arvindh Vijay
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  • Arvindh Vijay

    Student at SASTRA University, India

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The Hindu Succession Act, enacted in 1956, stands as a crucial legislative framework in India aimed at rectifying gender disparities in matters of inheritance. This research paper undertakes a thorough examination of the historical context, legislative provisions, and the ever-evolving landscape of gender equality under the Hindu Succession Act, with a particular emphasis on its ramifications for women's rights. To grasp the significance of the Act, it's imperative to understand its historical roots, as it was conceived to reform traditional Hindu laws, which had long been characterized by inherent bias against women. The Act marked a pivotal shift from orthodox Hindu legal principles by endowing daughters with equal inheritance rights as sons. Nevertheless, over the years, the Act has undergone multiple amendments to adapt to shifting societal norms and judicial interpretations. This paper critically scrutinizes the primary provisions of the Hindu Succession Act and its successive amendments, scrutinizing the evolution of women's rights in property and succession matters. It unravels the intricacies surrounding joint family property, self-acquired property, and the entitlement to partition. Additionally, it investigates the repercussions of these legal changes on the socio-economic standing of women and their empowerment within families and society. In summation, the Hindu Succession Act has played a pivotal role in championing gender equality in property inheritance. While notable strides have been made, challenges persist, including gaps in implementation and awareness. This paper underscores the continuing necessity for advocacy and awareness campaigns to ensure that women can effectively exercise their rights under the Act. It's crucial to acknowledge the dynamic nature of the Act and its positive impact on gender equality, ultimately fostering a more equitable and just society.


Research Paper


International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 6, Page 1723 - 1730


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